Bharti Airtel today accused Reliance Jio of simply transferring its cost to the incumbent operators like Bharti Airtel by advocating ‘Bill and Keep’ regime. Presently, an operator pays mobile termination charge of 14 paise per minute to another operator at whose network call is terminated. This is Mobile Termination Charge (MTC) regime.
As per current estimates, this cost would be up to Rs 20,000 crore per year for the industry and will only increase going forward. Such cost transfer will allow Reliance Jio to use its muscle power and price its services in a predatory manner to kill the rest of the industry and create a monopoly, according to a press release issued by Bharti Airtel.
“In effect, Reliance Jio aims to build its business by getting a free ride on the highways built by Airtel and other operators. Their proposal to move to Bill and Keep will further burden other operators and make them weak,” said Ravi Gandhi, Chief Regulatory Officer, Bharti Airtel. “At the same time, it allows Reliance Jio to continue with its strategy of predatory pricing and ultimately throttle all competition.”
He also said that it was sinister design of Jio so that it could maintain its monopoly.
In 2003, India adopted Calling Party Pays (CPP) regime in which, only outgoing calls are charged and incoming calls are free. In a CPP regime, the tariff charged to the calling customer includes the cost of terminating the call on the receiving network. Therefore, the CPP regime has what is called Mobile Termination Charge (MTC). Think of MTC as a clearing house where one operator pays another for using its network to carry incoming calls.
Barring four countries, the CPP regime is the globally accepted norm. In these four countries where MTC is zero, the customer pays for incoming calls. However, nowhere in the world do we have a situation where incoming calls are free and MTC is also zero.
Since the spread of networks and the extent of incoming calls varies across operators, it is vital that MTC covers the full cost of terminating a call. If this does not happen then, in effect, one operator is subsidising the other.
Gandhi also said that the allegations made by Reliance Jio regarding Airtel earning excess revenue from MTC are not only false but laughable. The TRAI mandated MTC of 14 paisa is well below the cost of producing a minute, which is currently at 35 paisa. “In fact, with the tsunami of calls originating from Reliance Jio’s network, Airtel loses 21 paisa for every minute that is carried on its network. This has resulted in a loss of Rs 550 crore per quarter for Airtel alone,” said Gandhi.